実績紹介Activities of GRM

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第3回多文化共生社会6大学交流会

研究活動・その他

2017/6/12


第3回 多文化共生社会6大学交流会
BREAK THE BOUNDARY
 
2017年6月10日(土)、11日(日)、第3回多文化共生社会6大学交流会を開催しました。本交流会は、文部科学省 博士課程教育リーディングプログラム複合領域型(多文化共生社会)採択プログラム6大学(金沢大学、大阪大学、東京大学、名古屋大学、広島大学、本学)の学生および教職員の意見交換、交流を目的に毎年開催されており、本年度は本学が幹事校となり、今出川キャンパスにて開催いたしました。
参加者数は計74名(学生46名、教職員25名、一般3名)でした。

初日の基調講演では、福林 良典氏(NPO法人道普請人理事)、 カルン・マルホトラ氏(Representative Director, POGLI Corp Ltd.)より講演いただきました。
ポスターセッションでは、学生が学外機関と連携して実施した活動などを紹介するポスターを展示し、内容を紹介しつつ参加者との交流を行いました。
学生グループワークでは、各大学からの参加学生がランダムに8グループに分かれ、テーマ(①「学際」教育について、②学際教育とキャリア設計)にもとづいてディスカッションを行いました。

2日目は、各グループがディスカッションのまとめをプレゼン(15分)し、Q&Aセッション(5分)では学生、教員からの質問に答えました。

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本イベントの詳細はこちら:
http://grm.doshisha.ac.jp/jpn/information/view.php?c=news_events_1&pk=1496108694

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2日間参加した学生報告:

「学際」に対する今までの理解では、インフラや資源・エネルギーについて知見を持たなければ人間社会の安定には寄与できないと思い、持続可能な福祉社会の構築には文理融合の知識が欠かせないと考えていた。しかし、議論を通して「学際」についての理解は皆それぞれ異なることに気づき、とりわけ多分野の知識をどのように自らにひきつけて考え、どのように活動すれば、より精緻に国際研究者として成長できるかなど多分野の知見を融合する方法や意義を再び考えさせていただいた。

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基調講演の前半では、限られた物質をいかに効率よく利用し、発展途上国におけるインフラ整備を行うかをお話していただいた。感銘を受けたのは、土嚢を利用してインフラ整備を行うという点である。グループワークでは2つのテーマに分かれ、翌日のプレゼンテーションに向けてディスカッションを行った。報告者のグループは、タイ、中国、パレスチナ、日本出身の学生で構成されており、それぞれの異なったバックグラウンドを生かしてディスカッションを行うことができた。

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報告者の属したグループには、「学際的に学ぶとはどういうことか」、またその利点と将来設計における活かし方を考えよ」との課題が与えられた。グループディスカッションはスムーズには進まなかった。各履修生の意見の相違、研究背景や教育環境の相違、将来設計に関する意見の違いなどが影響し、グループでの課題に対する共通見解を見出すという作業が非常に難航した。プログラム理念や学際的な教育・研究環境に比重を置く大学もあれば、本学GRMプログラムのように学外でのフィールドワークや実践的活動に比重を置く大学もあり、プログラム運営に違いは見られたものの、すべてのメンバーが各リーディングプログラムの教育に積極的にかかわり、充実した研究生活を送れているようであった。それぞれが課題や不安事項としてあげていたのは、博士号を取得した後のキャリア設計や、プログラムの予算減額に対してであった。しかし、発表後のQ&Aセッションであったように、キャリア設計は大学や教職員に依存するものではなく、本来、各履修生が高い専門性と実践経験を自らの力で養成したあとに、成果を学内外に広報するセルフプロデュース能力によって実行していくものであり、他者に依存するのではなく、自身の手で築いていくことができる能力を身に着けていくことが求められていると理解した。
議論は難しいものであったが、所属する大学を会場にして実施したということもあり、参加しやすい雰囲気で、他大学の履修生とも多く話をすることが出来た。今後も他大学リーディングプログラムとの交流と実践的な共同研究の機会を大事にしていく。

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A two day Open Dialogue gave opportunity for the students of the leading graduate programs in six universities in Japan to foster relationship, share experiences, critically reflect on the programs, identify challenges and find ways to further enhance programs' efficiency.
The open dialogue had two major components, the lectures by the resource persons and the discussion among the participants from 6 graduate schools.
The first session's resource inputs delivered by two resource persons, helped the students understand the concrete example of how interdisciplinary research could be carried out and translated into practical innovations which address the empirical needs in the real world.
The second session was group discussion in which, students were divided into small groups of six members from 6 graduate schools. During the discussion, the students took turn to share about the nature, goals and courses of their respective interdisciplinary programs which served as the foundation to further identify the relevance and practical application in their academic and professional undertaking. The strength and weakness were then identified, to which the suggestions for further improvements were collectively brainstormed and proposed by the students.
The common outcomes from every group were: the interdisciplinary nature of program provided students with better opportunity in job market but at the same time can be time consuming since students need to make a fresh start of new discipline they were not familiar with which affected their primary research focus and effort. Nonetheless, the interdisciplinary knowledge and skills are recognized as crucial qualities that leaders in the contemporary world should possess so that they can serve as the catalyst in unifying interdisciplinary resources and areas of expertise in responding to complex crises facing the world.
Some of the students also expressed their concern of difficulty in securing employment which was responded by Prof. Wada that the self-empowerment towards academic excellent will overcome this fear since students will be approached and offered the place by the company.
My personal observation is having opportunity to gain high quality interdisciplinary education, graduates are in better position to go beyond fear by developing entrepreneurial ability to be self-employed.

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Annual Open Dialogue between Six Universities was held for two days. On the first day, two keynote speakers made presentations on the topic of using the interdisciplinary for the business. The presentations were very interesting, how we can combine the knowledge we learned with various perspectives.
After the presentations, we were grouped with students from different university and topic of study. We discussed about our experiences in the program (fieldwork, courses, internship). By sharing our own view, we can seek through on what we want for our future career.
On the second day, each group made presentation based on what we discussed. My group presented about using our experience to success in the leading graduate program and find jobs in the near future.

Not only does the event give me the knowledge but open my new vision by discussing and presentation we shared and also the friendship we made with other students from other schools, nationalities.

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It was positive on several levels. On one hand, the students' expectations were clearly reported to the administration of the 6 programs (clear from a student perspective), but could prove to be unclear or unrealistic from the administration perspective which may reflect the student's over-expectations from their program. On the other hand, it was clearly noted by the programs admins that students should put more effort into making the best of this program and retrieving the highest values, and lots of emphasis were put on the importance of communication and networking.

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It was an excellent opportunity for me to get to know about the aims of other leading programs.
The first day started with two presentations, first of which was about promoting the communities' involvement in road building projects. I had a chance to get to know about one of the distinguished GNO founders. The project brought me some motivation about what can we do in small communities with limited budget and time and human resources.
The second talk was about the need for having a broader view as the essential tool for future global leaders. The presenter brought us some examples of the effective managements in successful cases.
After that, we started to do a group work with the group of students from difference backgrounds and universities. It was an interesting experience for me to hear different voices about the leading programs in their schools. We were given a question regarding the advantages of multi-disciplinary experience in building our future career.
Our group decided to conduct a debate beetween two groups to make the points clearer. In the first panel, we explained the advantages.

The main points of our discussion could be summarized as follows:
- What do we mean by multi-disciplinary environment and career?
- What are the other examples of multi-disciplinary programs worldwide?
- Is there any need for change in our curriculum design?
- Are the companies for job-hunting aware of our program?
- What are our real advantages camparing our lab-mates?

In the end, we came up with some suggestions for the students in the program as well as the professors and program officers.

Our suggestion for the program is as follows:
- Promote our programs and strengthen the connection with targets;
- Design curriculums as soon as possible;
- When applying for jobs, keep your eye on companies/organizations with the broad vision.

I should thank the program officers and professors who gave us the opportunity to share our ideas and appreciate the student's active participation in dialogue.

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As the purpose of the program was to break boundaries, I can honestly say based on my observations that the program succeeded in its aim as we witnessed a number of courageous "out of the box" presentations. On the second day, we delivered our presentation but I wasn't satisfied with the quality of our work. This experience tought me that it's important ot have chemistry between group members and that sometimes, the leader of a group, as I was appointed one, should be more firm about getting members to work on a specific task for the sake of the whole group. I really benefited from this event at the personal, professional, and career level. Thank you all for the numerous opportunities you give us to grow network and learn!